She rivaled AKB48 in popularity.
Misora Hibari, the First Japanese Pop Idol
Teen girl characters in Japanese Idol and media became a representation of both the hope and anxiety people felt during the ss Shamoon, In fact, she died 6 months in after Emperor Hirohito at the age of Her death marked the symbolic end of the Showa period. Over the course of her career, Hibari recorded songs and appeared in films. She began her career as a child sex symbol. She first performed at Yokohama concert hall at 8 years old. She imitated the popular adult singer Kasagi Shizuko.
Shizuko sang American-style boogie-woogie.
Her act was sensuous and erotic for the time. And the prepubescent Hibari imitated all of the act. After all, we often see prepubescent girls in anime. Japanese Idol wrestled with kasutori culture. Nihilism, desperation, and debauchery marked the culture. The word refers to the bootleg booze that helped the creative work of the time.
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Nikutai bungaku focused on physical usually sexual experiences instead of the intellect. During this time, the Japanese government encouraged teens to become prostitutes in an effort to keep American soldiers from raping and assaulting women Shamoon, This backdrop allowed Hibari to become famous. Her boogie-woogie act linked prostitution Japanese Idol American culture and jazz and young girls. She wear a ragged dress, neckerchief, handbag, and a cigarette she pretended to smoke. The magazines promoted a pure, chaste image of girlhood.
He and others Japanese Idol about the sexual exploitation of girls during the Occupation.
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Temple began Japanese Idol female performers at 3 years old. When she switched to child roles, she always wore short dresses to show off her legs. Although Hibari began her career as a sexualized little girl, she left kasutori culture behind when she Japanese Idol a teenager.
Her first starring role in the film Sorrowful Whistle marked this change in persona. But instead of focusing on sexuality, this film emphasized her innocence.
The scene bridged her previous imitations of risque acts with her future as an icon for innocent, chaste, and traditional teen girls Shamoon, Studios tried to replicate her popularity, eventually making the girl star a cornerstone of Japanese pop culture—what we today know as idol culture. The Izu Dancer, for example, was remade 5 times. The film linked obedience and submissiveness with teen girls. Incritics Japanese Idol their view of Hibari. She became known as an enka artist. Enka is a genre of pop music associated with rural areas and the working class.
It expresses the heart of Japan. Its songs are designed to evoke a feeling of traditional Japan without sounding like they came from early Japan Shamoon, Hibari represented a mix of traditional and modern Japan. Becoming an enka artist linked the image of the female performer with the national identity of Japanese culture. Today, we see Japanese Idol idols regularly representing Japan abroad.
Studios used Hibari as the model for idols that followed. Yamaguchi Momoe followed the path exactly. Magazines reported that she recorded the song while wearing her school sailor uniform. The contrast of the innocence of the school uniform against the sexual song stuck. Momoe created the fetish we continue to see in Japanese Idol. Just like Hibari, Momoe transformed into a pure virginal persona when she played in the move The Izu Dancer in She was Hibari and Momoe and Sayuri revealed the tendency of Japanese culture to fetishize and, at the same time, disavow the sexualization of child and teen performers.
AKB48 continues the tradition. Any sort of actual sexuality leads to forced apologies and shame. It brings the uncomfortable links to the forefront and prevents people from disavowing the links they have in their minds. Of course, many dislike how Japanese pop idols are chaste sex symbols and represent Japanese culture abroad.
The glitzy entertainment creates unrealistic expectations. Hibari also struggled with this. She came to represent modern Japan and, later, the war generation. They need to feel a connection to someone who appears larger than they are.
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For some idol fans, the girls represent a relationship ideal: a beautiful, successful girl who can take care of them. Hibari moved beyond this image, which also set a pattern many Japanese pop idols follow as they mature. Momoe cemented the associations of tradition, sexuality, school uniforms, and the like. Although Japanese Idol were other child and teen celebrities before Hibari and Momoe—such as various maiko—modern idol culture began with these two.
References Atkins, E. Bloomsbury Publishing. Shamoon, D. Recreating traditional music in postwar Japan: a prehistory of enka. Japanese Idol Forum, 26 1— Like this:.